About This Series
Publication Date: January 2010
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About This GuideResources




U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office for Human Research Protections

The Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) provides leadership regarding protections for human subjects of research and implements a program of compliance oversight to protect the human subjects used by institutions engaged in human subject research conducted or supported by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. OHRP provides clarification and guidance on involving humans in research; develops and implements educational programs and resource materials; and promotes the development of approaches to enhance protections for human subjects.

National Institutes of Health Certificates of Confidentiality Kiosk

The National Institutes of Health’s (NIH) online Certificates of Confidentiality Kiosk provides information to investigators working on sensitive biomedical, behavioral, clinical, or other types of research. Investigators will find background information on certificates of confidentiality, frequently asked questions, a slide presentation, and much more. Please note that the sample privacy certificate provided on the NIH Web site is different from the privacy certificate used by OVC grantees.


Activities are the products and services your program provides to help solve the conditions identified.

Evaluation plan provides the framework for conducting the evaluation.

Evaluator is an individual trained and experienced in designing and conducting evaluations.

Focus group is a small-group discussion guided by a trained facilitator for gathering data on a designated topic.

Goals are measurable statements of the desired long-term, global impact of the program. Goals generally address change.

Human subject is defined as "living individual(s) about whom an evaluator conducting research obtains data. . . ." This includes service providers, clients, and any individuals asked to complete a survey or questionnaire.

Identifiable information is defined as "information that either is labeled by name or other personal identifiers; or can by other factors be reasonably interpreted as referring to a particular private person." This could include Social Security numbers and the names of service providers or clients.

Institutional Review Board is an administrative body established to protect the rights and welfare of human subjects participating in a research study, with authority to approve, require modifications to, or disapprove research activities that fall within its purview.

Needs assessment is a systematic effort to gather information from various sources that helps to identify the needs of victims and the resources that are available to help them.

Objectives are specific, measurable statements of the desired immediate or direct outcomes of the program that support the accomplishment of a goal.

Program evaluation is a systematic process of obtaining credible information to be used for program assessment and improvement.