Human Trafficking and International Law
Human trafficking has gained attention in the legal community and the term is used interchangeably with the legal concepts of slavery and “slave-like” practices, including peonage, involuntary servitude, bonded labor, and forced labor.
In December 2000, the United Nations General Assembly approved the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking Persons, known as the U.N. TIP Protocol or “Palermo Protocol”. The TVPA has parallels to the international standard so the U.S. is able to collaborate with other nations to combat human trafficking on a global level.
International law may be relevant to the criminal cases of foreign national trafficking survivors because a trafficking crime can occur in more than one country and the recruiters and traffickers can also send their victims to other countries for commercial gain. The same trafficking case could be investigated across multiple jurisdictions in the United States and overseas, so it is important to remember that each country may have its own human trafficking laws. This intersection may impact the immigration avenues available to people trafficked into the United States.
For additional information, visiit the Resource Page for Chapter 1.4 Human Trafficking Laws.