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Resources: 1. Understanding Human Trafficking

Human Trafficking vs. Smuggling


  • National Human Trafficking Hotline (NHTRC) is a national, toll free hotline available to answer calls from anywhere in the United States, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, every day of the year. The NHTRC is not a law enforcement or immigration authority, and it is operated by a nongovernmental organization funded by the Federal Government. This hotline, from Polaris, can be reached at 1–888–373–7888.
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has offices around the world and can be contacted around the clock, every day of the year. On the Web site, see When to Contact the FBI for details on areas of responsibility. You may also submit a tip online to the FBI at, or call your local FBI office.
  • Homeland Security Investigations Tip Line provides a means for individuals across the world to report suspicious criminal activity to the ICE Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) Tip Line 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Highly trained specialists take reports from both the public and law enforcement agencies on more than 400 laws enforced by ICE HSI. Call 1–866–DHS–2–ICE, or submit a tip online at The Tip Line is accessible internationally by calling 1–802–872–6199.
  • National Center for Missing & Exploited Children ® (NCMEC) Call Center operates 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. If you have information about a missing child or suspected child sexual exploitation, report it to 1–800–THE-LOST or
  • U.S. Department of Labor, Wage and Hour Division at 1–866–4USWAGE (1–866–487–9243) handles cases in which labor exploitation may be present but does not rise to the threshold of trafficking.
  • U.S. Department of Labor OIG Hotline at 1–202–693–6999 or 1–800–347–3756,, or, operates 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Report allegations of trafficking committed through fraud in DOL programs, including, but not limited to, the H-1B, H-2A, H-2B, and PERM visa programs. When filing an OIG Hotline complaint, it is not necessary to provide names or any other identifying information.
  • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) at 1–800–669–4000 from 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. (eastern) provides information about how workers, including trafficking victims, can file a charge of employment discrimination.

Reports and Studies