There are a variety of different types of services that need to be explored when responding to victims of human trafficking. One key source of assistance that is often overlooked for victims of human trafficking is the Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) crime victim compensation programs. These programs, available in every state and territory, reimburse victims for such crime-related expenses as medical costs, mental health counseling, funeral and burial costs, and lost wages or loss of support. Both U.S. citizens/legal permanent residents and foreign national victims are eligible; however, there are limitations based on residency, reporting of the crime, and time elapsed since the crime occurred, which makes it important to connect with the local VOCA administrator to learn more. In addition to resources available through VOCA (which will vary from state to state), the following subsections address some suggested areas of consideration in the development of a comprehensive service model to assist and respond to all victims of human trafficking.
Victims of trafficking who meet state eligibility requirements may be able to tap into these benefits:
Resource: Achieving Excellence: Model Standards for Serving Victims & Survivors of Crime This website provides guidance on OVC model standards to serve survivors of crime, including program, competency, and ethical standards.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services also published Services Available to Victims of Human Trafficking: A Resource Guide for Social Service Providers, which is a comprehensive directory of services available to U.S. citizens and foreign nationals, as well as federal benefits, broken down by agency.
For additional information and tools, visit the Resource page for Section 4.4 Comprehensive Victim Services.