The OVC Helping Victims of Mass Violence & Terrorism: Planning, Response, Recovery, and Resources Toolkit was created for communities to prepare for and respond to victims of mass violence and terrorism in the most timely, effective, and compassionate manner possible. Through developing a comprehensive victim assistance plan, the community can respond to mass violence, terrorism, natural disasters, human-caused disasters, emergency crises, and high-profile criminal incidents promptly and more effectively.
OVC's definition of mass violence is an intentional, violent, criminal act that results in physical, emotional, or psychological injury to a sufficiently large number of people, significantly increasing the burden of victim assistance and compensation for the responding jurisdiction. Communities can use this definition as a guide in developing and implementing a comprehensive victim assistance plan to respond to incidents in their communities.
Partnerships & Planning: This phase reviews the steps that are involved in creating and maintaining partnerships, addressing resources gaps, and creating or enhancing assistance protocols.
Response: In the immediate aftermath of a mass violence or terrorism event, law enforcement officials, first responders, victim service providers, and other groups coordinate their activities to ensure a timely and effective response.
Recovery: In this phase, primary agencies must assist victims, first responders, and communities affected by an incident to recover effectively.